Beti Bachao & Beti Padhao

 
 
BETI BACHAO BETI PADHAO: A STEP TOWARDS FEMALE EMPOWERMENT 
 
The “Beti Bachao Beti Padhao” Scheme was announced by the Modi Government in 2014. This campaign was introduced to abolish the malpractices faced by the females of India. This scheme not only aspires to spread awareness but also create better opportunities for girls to avail the benefits of welfare services. 
  1. Initially the scheme received a funding of Rs. 100 crores by the Government. 
  2. It was first implemented in Panipat, Haryana on January 22nd, 2015. This was because the state was in dire need of creating opportunities to make up for the low CSR ( Child Sex Ratio). Child Sex Ratio is the number of females every 1000 males falling under the age range of 0-6. 
  3. An important sub scheme under the BBBP is the Sukanya Samriddhi Yojana Scheme. Under this scheme –
  • A bank account for a female child under the age of 10 years can be opened. 
  • A minimum amount of Rs. 1,000 was supposed to be deposited initially. For 2020-21, the minimum amount has been established as Rs. 250. The maximum deposit limit is Rs. 1,50,000. 
  • On this amount, initially an annual interest rate of 9.1% was implemented. The interest rate for 2020-21 is 7.6%. 
THE IMPORTANCE OF ‘BETI BACHAO BETI PADHAO’ SCHEME IN INDIA - 
Women empowerment is impossible in a country where women are denied their basic rights. Education is the most powerful weapon against inequality, gender bias, sexual violence etc. Therefore, to prevent the exploitation of women, it is important to first encourage literacy. 
Since time immemorial, girls of India have feared for their safety. Female infanticide and foeticide are still common issues in the rural vicinities. Child marriage and pregnancy, sexual harassment, abuse are still deep-rooted issues. Confining girlto the kitchen and favoring the son of the family, is still a common practice in many Indian families. Some of these practices are commonly observed even in educated circles residing in urban communities. 
  • Around 99% cases of sexual abuse go unreported. Despite the implementation of several laws against these social evils, women are still subjected to prejudice and detrimental actions. 
  • 30% of Indian women in the age range of 15-49 have experienced physical abuse since 15 years of age. 6% of women in the within the same age group are victims of sexual harassment.
Even as we take a step towards progress, stories of violence against women surface time and again. 
The ‘Beti Bachao Beti Padhao’ scheme was an approach towards – 
 
Making females aware of their rights – Even today, a large segment of Indian women are unaware of their rights.
  •  This is due to the lack of education which would otherwise teach them the importance of accessing these rights. 
  • Due to the inability to fight for their rights in cases of violence, their perpetrators usually don’t get punished. 
 
Promoting financial independence and stability amongst females – Approximately 31% of women are abused by their spouses. 
  • Due to inaccessibility to adequate education, many women in India are unable to make a living for themselves. Therefore, they cannot achieve financial independence or stability.
  •  In most cases these women belong to rural areas or extremely conservative families. Due to this even when facing violence within the household, many women choose to keep quiet.
Make welfare services readily available for women – The government through this scheme wants to provide women with effective welfare services. 
 
To prevent female infanticide and foeticide – The significant drop in the CSR, is proof of the practice that has prevailed in India over centuries. In 2019,  no girl child took birth in 132 villages in a span of three months.
  •  The abolishment of the gruesome practice of killing the girl child is the primary objective of the scheme. 
  • Under this scheme, district authroities must keep a close eye on the usage of sex-determination tools. 
  • This practice would result in strict actions being taken against the family as well as the doctor. Many clinics have been shut down for indulging in this practice. 
 
Close the gap between opportunities available for men and women – Education of females would ensure that they would gain access to equal job opportunities and pay. 
 
  • The pay gap has tormented India women for over centuries now. 
Even today in the glamourous world of Bollywood, male actors are paid higher than their female co-stars. 
  • This pay gap is even wider amongst common people, where men get paid more for the same work. 
  • Education would not only impart knowledge and help in dissolving this pay gap but also create more opportunities for women. 
 
Raise awareness about issues faced by women – Literacy would ensure that women are aware of the dangers and social issues pertinent in society.
  •  Literacy would pave the path to a safer environment, where women don’t fear voicing their opinions. 
  • Education is a powerful instrument which would enable them to have a mind of their own. An educated woman is a woman who can raise her voice and stand up for herself. 
 
To provide quality education for women – Even though the constitution grants the right to free education till middle/high school, this Act is not implemented properly. 
  • There are several instances where a girl child is not sent to school due to financial issues. In some cases, the male child in the house is sent to school but the female child is restricted due to financial burden.
  •  This scheme ensures that girls receive quality education. This would help the girls to gain knowledge and grow up into self-reliant individuals.
  •  This scheme enables girls to access quality education as well in places where male education is prioritized. 
A few days prior to writing this blog, I came across an interesting piece of saying. The words still echo in my mind – “When girls are educated, their countries become stronger and more prosperous.” The truth behind the statement is undeniable. Education holds the power to a safer environment. Education holds the power to independence and independence is paramount. 
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By shristi | Updated on Tue, September 29, 2020 - 10:11:49 AM


Tags Girls Education

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