“We don’t take a photograph; We make it”, said by a famous photographer Ansel Adams. But what exactly does it mean? How can we make a photograph and not take it? Well, every other person you come across takes selfies throughout the day or just clicks something random for the sake of uploading it on Instagram, but that does not make them a photographer. Does it? So what exactly is it that sets apart a photographer from any random person?
It’s nothing but a fusion of good components and a little knowledge. It’s exactly how a very basic dish turns out to be a finger-licking good simply by adding unique ingredients and skills.
If you are someone who is thinking of stepping onto the journey of photography or is someone who is fascinated by the beautiful or I must say perfect photographs on Instagram or any other social media platform then don’t stop here and keep on reading to find out what goes behind capturing these beautiful shots.
HOW TO BEGIN: A MOBILE IS ENOUGH
Photography is not something that we can call the latest; it has been here for a very long time. Earlier, it took huge cameras and setups to just get a shot. But now we don’t even require a camera, Our mobile devices are just enough if we are at the beginning of photography. There are various series of phones with extremely good camera quality available in the market. Some of them are
- Series of iPhone: iPhone 11, iPhone 11 Pro, iPhone 11 Pro Max.
- Series of Google: Google Pixel 4, Google Pixel 4 XL, Google Pixel 4s
- Series of Huawei: P30 Pro.
- Series of Xiaomi: Xiaomi Mi note 10.
- Samsung Series: Samsung Galaxy Note 10 Plus, Samsung Galaxy S10 Plus.
GUIDE TO PHOTOGRAPHY: NOW WE’LL SEE HOW A PHOTO IS MADE AND NOT JUST TAKEN.
- Switch on to Manual Mode: Yes, the first thing you need to do is go on to the settings and change the auto mode into manual. Manual mode lets you adjust the necessary settings before capturing any shot according to the needs.
- Hold the camera rightly: To avoid getting blurry images and shaky images one must hold the camera with full stability. The grip should be tight enough to get that sharp image. One should always use both hands while holding the camera.
- Know what exposure is: Exposure explains how bright and how dark the image will appear. The image should not be too dark or too bright. To get that perfect picture one needs to understand the exposure triangle that is explained below.
- The exposure triangle: The exposure triangle is a combination of 3 of the most basic elements of photography, i.e, the shutter speed, the aperture, and the ISO. Now, how do these elements contribute? Let’s see.
- Shutter Speed: The shutter speed indicates how long the shutter of your camera is open for. It is used for bringing the various effects that can make a shot amazing instantly.
- The slower the shutter speed is, the more will be the duration of light entering the sensor. It is useful for low-light and night photography.
- While the faster the shutter speed is, the less will be the duration of light entering the sensor, it’s used when we need to freeze motion.
- If something is moving while capturing a shot with slow shutter speed, then the moving object will appear blurry. It is useful for capturing motion blur images.
- To get sharp images, fast shutter speed is preferred. As the faster the speed is, the faster the image will be clicked without introducing any camera shake.
- The shutter speed is also interconnected with the exposure. With slow shutter speed, the light will be more, making the image brighter. But with fast shutter speed, the photos will be darker.
- Aperture: One of the most important elements of photography is aperture. It’s the size of the hole that lets the camera sensor capture the image you are going for. It controls the amount of light entering your sensor.
- It is quite similar to the shutter speed yet holds a difference. The difference is that the aperture lets you control how much light enters the camera sensor, while the shutter speed is used to control the duration for which the light enters the sensor.
- The bigger the hole, the more will be the amount of light entering the sensor whereas the smaller the hole, the less will be the amount of light entering the sensor.
- Aperture controls the depth of the field as well. DOF represents the distance between the object that is near and the object that is far. In basic terms, DOF is that portion of the image which is focused.
- Aperture is conveyed in f-numbers, where f represents focal. It is the ratio of the diameter of the aperture to the length of the lens. Example of the aperture is f/22, f/2.8, f/1.4, etc.
- ISO: To adjust the brightness and darkness of the image, ISO is used. It is the sensitivity of the camera to light.
- ISO is expressed in numbers like 100, 200, 400, etc
- The lower the ISO is, the darker will be your image.
- The higher the ISO is, the brighter the image will be.
- However, ISO is also responsible for the noise that appears on the images.
- ISO set at 100 is the standard ISO that is generally used.
“DON’T FORGET TO ADJUST ALL THESE SETTINGS BEFORE CAPTURING THE MOMENT”
The aforementioned points are for people with mobile as well as for people who want to begin with a camera. However, people who have cameras; they can easily access aperture priority and shutter priority modes. While working with priority modes, if you go for aperture priority, you select the aperture, and the camera automatically adjusts the shutter speed or vice versa.
- Rule of thirds will always work out: Rule of thirds is basically converting the grid or the image into thirds, both horizontally as well as vertically. Once you do this, you now have 9 parts. Rather than clicking the shot right away, if the points you want to focus on or the points of interest are placed on intersection or along the lines, Rule of Thirds suggests that image will be more effective and natural.
Along with the Rule of Thirds, there are other composition theories that also exist. But Rule of Thirds is the most basic one so you should start with that for now.
- Adjusting the white balance: White balance is used to avoid the interruption of the colors that are not real. The camera cannot work properly with auto white balance(AWB) and due to which it can cause slight addition of blue, orange, etc colors in the photos. To avoid such color casts one must adjust the white balance before taking a picture.
- Framing the subject: Framing the subject is an essential trick in photography. It gives a certain context to the photograph. Creating a frame makes the shot edgy instantly. For example, you see a view and you capture it. The shot is natural and normal. But as soon as you click it after having it framed, let’s say through a doorway, it will instantly give the picture a story. That’s why frames are important; they make people understand the subject more creatively and make the shots amazing as well.
These are enough tips for the ones who are just starting out with photography. However, you can read the advanced techniques once you become pretty good with the basics. Well, these were the basic guidelines for the beginners. Now we will see some tips and tricks on how to give your photos an edge or spark that will make your photos stand out of the mass.
1.Perspective is the key: Experiment as much as you can while taking the pictures. Shoot with different angles, change the positions. Doing so can turn a basic picture into an amazing shot.
2.Shooting in good lighting conditions: Lighting plays a huge role in capturing vivid and stunning photos. Try capturing one picture in good lighting and one in bad lighting and see for yourself how big of a difference it makes.
3.Timing: Don’t just go out and take pictures at any time. Pictures taken at dawn and dusk always turn out to be more beautiful than the pictures taken in broad daylight. Talking about the light, you must have heard of the golden hour? Yes, the golden hour has proved to be one of the best times to get impeccable shots.
4.Use Props: Make use of the props for giving that extra edge to your photos. Props like umbrellas, chairs, feathers, hats, flowers, and anything that you can lay your hands-on can instantly elevate your pictures.
5.Invest in a tripod: Tripods are very useful when it comes to taking sharp, clear, and stabilized photos. For low-lighting photography, tripods prove to be very handy. There are various other reasons for investing in a tripod except the ones mentioned above. Basically, investing in a tripod is a genius idea and will never go to waste.
6.Learn to use a few editing apps: No wonder raw images are beautiful. But a little editing never hurt anybody. Editing a picture lets you give a picture more creativity. You can also use it to eliminate or add extra features to enhance the shot. You can saturate, color correct, give texture, play with exposure, temperature, tints, and hues, improve the clarity, add various effects, etc.
One of the most used editing applications is Adobe Lightroom. Some of the other applications that you can get your hands on are Adobe Photoshop, Capture One, On1 RAW, Pixlr, etc.
Photography is an art that, if learned properly, can turn from a hobby to a profession. And like any other skill, it can only be mastered by practicing, learning, and most importantly, experimenting. So what are you waiting for? Grab your camera or mobile and go all out to start capturing the moments that are waiting to be captured. Don’t forget to keep the aforesaid points in your mind before taking that shot.